Write Your Family History – 50 Questions You Must Ask Parents Or Grandparents Before They Die

No one expected it.

While climbing into his hot tub, my healthy 87- year-old father-in-law slipped, fell, and broke a rib. He began internal bleeding that the doctors couldn’t stop. In two weeks, Gene was gone.

Fortunately, we had taken time a few months earlier to record Gene’s life story, and discovered some amazing facts. He was a semi-pro baseball player, a fine watercolorist, and a US Marine. As a marketing executive for Kaiser and later Del Monte, he worked on national advertising campaigns with mega-stars of his day, including Joan Crawford, Debbie Reynolds, Stan Musial, Lloyd Bridges and others.

We recorded Gene’s life story on two occasions: once at a small family dinner, then during a living-room interview a few months later.

We transcribed the audio files of the recordings, added pictures, and then uploaded the whole package to a new free web site that helps people write great personal and family stories. (See resource section,below). Gene’s family and friends can view his story and add comments or photos if they wish. The profile that we co-created with Gene is a celebration of his life. It’s also a direct, meaningful connection with his daughters and their grandchildren. Anyone can create a life story for themselves or a loved one. It’s as simple as setting aside some time and doing some careful listening.

I’ve helped hundreds of people across the US, Canada, and Mexico capture their life stories. Based on hundreds of hours of interviews, I’ve boiled down my experience into three key tips, and the 50 most productive questions you can use for success.

Success Tip #1: Pre-Interview Preparation is Key

To get the most from your family history session, be as prepared as possible.

. Inform the subject of the purpose of the interview, who will see it, and how it will be used · Prepare your questions in advance · Set aside a quiet time and place free from interruptions

· It’s a good idea to use a voice or video recorder; test all equipment thoroughly before starting

· It’s often useful to use a tape or digital recorder and transcribe the dictation

· Photos, mementos, or other visual aids are great memory-joggers. Ask your subject to prepare some in advance

· Listen attentively and gently; ask questions of clarification

· Don’t try to force the subject into something they are uncomfortable discussing

Success Tip #2: Be Flexible and Creative

When I first started doing life story interviews, it seemed as if people spent the majority of time talking about their early days. As I got more experience, I began to realize that most people have one, two or possibly three key defining times in their lives. For many, it’s childhood. For a lot of men, it’s WWII, Korea, or Vietnam. The defining moments emerge like finding a gold nugget in a streambed. Be sensitive to these defining moments and episodes. Listen extra-carefully, and ask questions. Often a deeper portrait of an individual emerges, laden with rich experiences, values, beliefs, and layers of complexity. If you don’t complete the interview in one sitting, set a date to resume your conversation later

Success Tip #3: Organize Life Stories into Chapters

Most people (yes, even shy ones) love to be the center of attention and share stories from their lives. There are two challenges for a family historian. The first is to capture the stories in a structured, logical way. The second is to make sure that the stories are as complete as possible and contain facts (names, dates, places), fully-drawn characters, a story line, and perhaps even a finale. The GreatLifeStories web site divides the life experience into 12 “chapters” that follow the progression of many lives. On the web site, each chapter contains anywhere from 10 to 25 questions. (Below, I’ve selected the 50 questions that usually get the best results). Don’t worry; you don’t have to ask them all. In fact, after one or two questions, you may not have to ask anymore-the interview takes on a life of its own.

The most important objective is to make sure you cover as many of the chapter headings as possible. The chapter headings are logical and somewhat chronological in order: Beginnings, School Days, Off to Work, Romance and Marriage, and so forth. Feel free to add your own chapters, as well. The 12-chapter system is a great way to organize both the interview, as well as the life story write up, video, or audio recording.

CHAPTER 1: In the Beginning

1. What were your parents and grandparents full names, dates of birth, places of birth.

2. What were the occupations of your parents?

3. How many children were in your family? Where were you in the lineup?

4. Generally speaking, what was your childhood like?

5. What one or two stories do you remember most clearly about your childhood?

6. Are there any particularly happy, funny, sad or instructive lessons you learned while growing up?

CHAPTER 2: In Your Neighborhood

1. What was it like where you grew up?

2. Describe your most important friendships

3. Where and how did “news of your neighborhood” usually flow?

CHAPTER 3 School Days

1. Be sure to capture names and dates attended of grammar, high, colleges, trade or technical schools

2. What are your earliest school day memories?

3. Are there any teachers or subjects you particularly liked or disliked?

4. What did you learn in those first years of school that you would like to pass along to the next generation?

5. Were you involved in sports, music, drama, or other extra-curricular activities?

CHAPTER 4: Off to Work

1. What did you want to be when you grew up?

2. What was your first job, and how did you get it?

3. What was your first boss like? What did you learn from him or her?

4. Did you leave? Quit? Get promoted? Get fired?

5. Were you ever out of work for a long time? If so, how did you handle it?

CHAPTER 5 Romance & Marriage

1. What do you recall about your first date?

2. How did you know you were really in love?

3. Tell me how you “popped the question,” or how it was popped to you.

4. Tell me about your wedding ceremony. What year? Where? How many attended? Honeymoon?

5. Tell me about starting your family.

6. Were you married more than once? How often?

CHAPTER 6: Leisure and Travel

1. What were the most memorable family vacations or trips you can recall?

2. What leisure time activities are you involved with?

3. What are your greatest accomplishments in this field?

CHAPTER 7: Places of Worship

1. Do you follow any religious tradition?

2. If so which one, and what is it like?

3. Have you ever changed faiths?

4. What role do your beliefs play in your life today?

5. What would you tell your children about your faith?

CHAPTER 8 War & Peace

1. Were you a volunteer, drafted or a conscientious objector?

2. If you didn’t serve, what do you recall about being on the home front during the war?

3. What key moments do you recall about your service?

4. What would you tell today’s young soldiers, sailors and fliers?

CHAPTER 9 Triumph and Tragedy

1. What were the most joyous, fulfilling times of your life?

2. Any sad, tragic or difficult times you’d care to share such as losing a loved one, a job, or something you cared about?

3. What lifelong lessons did you learn from these tough times? Joyous times?

4. Were there any moments you recall as true breakthroughs in any area of your life?

5. If you could do one thing differently in your life, what would that be?

CHAPTER 10 Words of Wisdom

1. What have you learned over your lifetime that you’d like to share with the younger generation?

2. People will sometimes repeat aphorisms such as “honesty is the best policy.” If they do, be sure to ask how they learned that life lesson.

CHAPTER 11: Funnybones

1. What were your family’s favorite jokes or pranks?

2. Who is, or was, the family comedian? “Straight” man?

3. What’s the funniest family story you remember?

CHAPTER 12 Thank You

1. What are you most grateful for you your life?

2. How have you taught your children to be grateful?

3. Are there items or places that mark special gratitude for the ones you love? What are they? What are their stories?

In closing, it is always a good idea to ask an open-ended question such as:” Is there anything I haven’t asked about that you would care to comment on?” You’ll often be surprised and delighted at the answers!


For many more tips on how to capture precious family history, visit www.GreatLifeStories.com

NY Wholesalers – How To Find The Best Wholesalers In New York

NY wholesalers have been known to carry the best selection and lowest prices by the retail industry.

Many retailers travel come from all over the country, and even from as far away as Australia and Africa, to visit wholesalers in New York.

The New York wholesale district has long been known as the wholesale center of the country.

You can find wholesale deals on brand name clothing, electronics, perfumes, handbags, and almost any other type of product that you can imagine.

Visiting the NY wholesale district can be an exciting experience. You will be surprised at the extensive selection and competitive prices that you will find.

But before you arrive in NY, you need to know how to find the wholesalers you are looking for.

For starters, you should first call the NY Chamber of Commerce. They can supply you with a list of wholesalers that are members of the Chamber.

Second, get hold of a New York city Yellow Book. The phone directory has a section devoted to wholesalers.

Next, visit the wholesale district. It’s located between Broadway and sixth avenue, from 20th to 29th st. Be ready to spend an entire day visiting showrooms.

Be ready to make a deal when you find a wholesaler that has the products you want. The wholesalers in NY are serious and will work with you, provided that you are just as serious and are ready to commit to making a deal.

There are also mini wholesale districts in outlying areas. For instance you can find a wholesale district in Greenpoint, which is a neighborhood in Brooklyn.

For instance, you will find a complex at 276 Greenpoint Avenue that houses over 30 different wholesalers.

You will usually find the best wholesale prices in areas immediately outside of Manhattan. Since the rents are lower, the wholesalers can afford to offer lower prices on their wholesale products.

Your Guide to a Wildlife Jungle Safari in Nepal

Nepal’s Amazing Ecosystem nurtures some of the most unique and rare species of Nature. The Terai region of Nepal which is a warm sub-tropical belt of the country is home to species like Royal Bengal tigers, rhinos, leopard’s wild elephants, sloth bears, monkeys, crocodiles, and many deer species to Plus it has about 250 species of exotic birds both migratory and native.

The Terai region hosts the two main national parks aka Royal Chitwan and Bardia in Nepal. Both the above wildlife parks were established as part of the green eco conservation Policy of the Govt of Nepal in order to safeguard the animals falling under the endangered species categories and to protect the habitat they are part of. The National Parks are the most sought after places in Asia to which gives one a complete jungle experience.

Most of the Govt authorised tour operators offer trips that is inclusive of things like jungle activities & accommodation facilities along with transportation to and from the parks.

The Chitwan National Park

The Chitwan National Park has six main jungle resorts spread across its vast radius. These quiet resorts are the ideal place to enjoy the true safari experience of the Terai.

There are many jungle activities that one can take up from going on Nature walks to Bird watching etc which are one of the many ways of being part of the wild Nature while staying in the jungle. The resorts have separate cottage accommodations with attached bath or If one wants to have the “Indiana Jones” experience then one can opt for the well-furnished luxury tent camps to stay in. Canoeing on the Rapti or Narayani rivers makes for an adventurous river tour allowing one to witness the many different bird species of Chitwan. And if lucky one may even get to be close with the shy freshwater Gangetic dolphins that inhabit the rivers.

Bardia National Park

Bardia National Park is comparatively smaller than Chitwan, & it too is home to many exotic animal & bird species and it happens to be a peaceful but a wild environment in of Terai region.

Bardia is also more remote and secluded when compared to Chitwan and that explains why the visitor count to this jungle is a bit less than those visiting Chitwan and so it has fewer resorts. All resorts are located towards the peripheral area of the park and the jungle offers many Nature treks and one can even go animal spotting by going on a jeep Safari or by taking up the famous “Elephant rides” of this Park.

The jungle is home to many endangered species including tigers, wild elephants, rhinoceros, swamp deer, blackbucks, gharial crocodiles, and marsh mugger crocodiles. Lastly here is a word of advice- it is preferred to travel by air to Barida rather than take up the 15 hours long road journey to reach Barida.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

This park came up to be a wild life reserve in the year 1976, It is called Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and occupies a whopping 175 square kilometres of wildlife sanctuary which has a few hectars of wetlands.Located on the Eastern side of Nepal, its entry point is from the Mahindra Highway.

The reserve is a habitat for wild species such as the water buffalo (called arna), deer, nilgai, mugger crocodile, Ganges River Dolphin (also called the Gangetic Dolphin), and over 280 species of birds. Apart from the wild life species, the Park also offers Environmental safety to a major part of the Sapta Koshi region, which happens to be an offshoot of the Ganges River flood plain.

Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve

Located on the extreme south-west of the Terai is the Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve. It is spread across a 305-sq km of forest cover. It is located at an altitude of 90-270 m.

The green vegetation covers a good 70 % of the forest and the rest is full of grassland. Out of this total landmass of grassland, Suklaphanta area is notably the largest stretch of grassland of Nepal, that covers an area of 54 sq. km. Many mammalian species have been surveyed like Schaaf & Bell and the place is also a famous habitat for the swamp deer(s). The reserve is the breeding ground for Nepal’s countless number of Bengal Floridians and the Hispanic hare.

Thus, the above Forest destination(s) is what defines “Wild Nepal” & one can hire an expert guide who can tell you the many things as regards the wildlife and vegetation that is distinct to the terai region of Nepal.

How to Use Duplicolor Paint on Your Car

Duplicolor paint is best defined as touch up paint. It can be used for the purpose of fixing chips and scratches on your car. In addition to this, it can also be used as wheel paint. It comes in different types of colors and this makes it easy for you to make a choice based on your cars color. When the need to paint your car arises, you can take it to the car paint shops and have this done by a professional or choose to do it yourself. The cost to paint a car is normally high and the duplicolor paint gives you the opportunity to lower this cost considerably. For you to do this however, you need to get the appropriate tools and have an idea of how to go about the process. In this case, the following are some of the things you need to take into consideration.

– The area of the car that needs to be painted should be cleaned using a solution of warm water and dish soap. Afterwards, the car should be wiped using a clean and dry cloth.

– Paint sheeting should be used to mask off the area you want to paint and secured using painters tape.

– The duplicolor paint should then be opened and the paint mixed using a paint stirrer. When this is done, it should be poured into the spray gun reservoir and connected to an air hose.

– Put on your goggles and respirator and place the paint sprayer at least six to eight inches from the metal and press the trigger in order to release the duplicolor paint.

– The gun should be moved from one side to another in order to overlap the duplicolor paint. This is important because it ensures that the paint is applied evenly on the metal and the passes should be made continuously until the surface is covered sufficiently with paint.

As mentioned earlier, duplicolor paint can also be used for your wheels and especially, if the hub caps are rusty, scratched or old. Because this automotive spray paint has being manufactured with standards that match up to OEM spectrum, it delivers great results when used on your cars wheels. Also, thanks to its many colors for you to choose from, it is easy to find one that perfectly matches up to your car. Duplicolor also offers a variety of primers that make it possible for you to accomplish this end.

For instance, there is the duplicolor promoter which is used as a bond coat to ensure that coatings of the paint do not come off easily. There is also the primer sealer which is used for the purpose of promoting adhesion, filling in hairline cracks as well as creating a surface that is consistent for application of the duplicolor paint. There are other primers such as rust fix which also come in handy. The primer is used to serve the purpose of enhancing performance of the car paint. When duplicolor paint is used in the appropriate manner, it can deliver numerous benefits and the first step towards enjoying this is learning more about duplicolor paint.

Why Does My Cat Pee Everywhere?

Whether your cat is old or young, male or female, anxious or mellow, he or she can get the idea that peeing anywhere but the litterbox is a good thing. Many frustrated humans in the past and present have tried nearly everything to figure out why the cat does this – and, of course, to solve the problem.

Here are the first things that you should do when your cat insists on stinking up your house. You’ll have to be patient while you work your way through this list, but soon your kitty will be back to doing his or her business in an appropriate place.

  • Your cat needs a full health checkup. In many cases, cats pee right in front of you when they’re sick. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common health problems, which your vet can treat. Even if that’s not what’s wrong with your kitty, your vet can track down, and solve, the problem.
  • Cats who are older or who have health problems (joint pains, for example), can’t get in and out of the litterbox like they could when they were younger. Make the litterbox more accessible so that your kitty can get in and out.
  • The litterbox itself might be a problem. If you have more than one cat, you might need to put out additional litterboxes. The type of litter and how much of it you use can be problems. You should also change the cat litter and thoroughly scrub the litterbox. The plastic tends to absorb urine smells, which can turn off housecats.
  • Sometimes cats will act out by peeing all over your favorite things. This can be a sign that they’re unhappy about something. Try giving your cat more (positive) attention. Extra playtime with his favorite toy can cure the behavioral issue. You can also ask your vet about a product that will help soothe your kitty: Feliway is one example.
  • Tomcats often spray anything that they wish to mark as their own territory. Sterilization can improve this problem.
  • Elderly kitties can suffer from feline dementia. They honestly don’t realize that they’re doing something wrong when they pee all over your clean laundry. Buy housebreaking pads – the disposable kind that people use with puppies – and put them down where your kitty pees the most often. This won’t convince her to use the litterbox, but cleanup will be much easier compared to what you’re doing now.

You should do a few things when your kitty decides to mark something in your house.

  • Never hit the cat or rub her nose in the mess. Cats aren’t like human children: they don’t understand that what they do is wrong. You can deter behavior as the cat is doing it, but trying to teach the cat after the fact doesn’t work very well. Instead of scolding kitty afterward, catch her in the act and spritz her with tap water from a spray bottle.
  • Completely clean the marked territory. Even if you can’t smell the cat pee, the cat will. That’s her sign to continue peeing there. Visit the pet store for a product that removes all of the pet odors.
  • Give your cat plenty of positive attention. Despite the stereotypes that surround felines, cats do bond with their humans. They want our attention and will go to great lengths to get it from us.

Don’t worry: you’ll track down and solve the problem soon enough. In the meantime, be as patient as possible. Your solution will come and you can resume the carefree relationship

Copyright © 2008, Ian White housesitting.com

‘Discover the Best You’ With These Simple Lifestyle Changes

It would be great if we can just hold on to a magical diet plan and then in two weeks’ time, achieve a slim figure like that of Cinderella. But reality proves otherwise.

No matter what diet plan you decide to go by, none of those plans have the power to transform you unless you stick on to it. The problem is not with the diet, but with your commitment. Now hitting hard on with that sensitive remark might be tough, but if you examine, you’ll find what went wrong in your previous attempts.

The secret is rather simple. No matter how drool-worthy a meal looks, don’t pay heed to its urgings, or else you’ll end up feeling guilty for giving in to the temptations and would have lost another attempt with another worthy diet plan.

Being able to do this abruptly, especially when your hunger is at its peak, could be overwhelming and it’s not going to happen overnight. Start with your little baby steps as you progress to a point where you can make a healthy choice between a plate of colorful salad and a deluxe steak burger.

If you are all set to take your baby steps, check out these simple yet very effective lifestyle changes that can even get you ramp ready in no time.

1. Quit being fitness focused, be wellness focused

Fitness is nothing without wellness and health. Hoping to get in shape in the quickest way possible, if you forget about staying healthy, you’ll probably end up in the ER. It is possible that sometimes, focusing too much on getting those fancy abs, we go overboard and compromise our health. Your fitness regimen will work for your good only if your diet is equally healthy and adequate. So start prioritizing your requirements.

2. Quit jumping mountains, take one step at a time

Trying to take an instant transformation from being a junk food junkie to a complete nutritarian will only bring you back to where you started. Try taking one step at a time. Sketch out a feasible plan that imparts both exercising and healthy eating. Start working out for just ten minutes and try abandoning pizzas for a bowl of fresh, crunchy collard greens salad for lunch. Remember, “Salad is your main dish” by all means. Skip your regular diet cokes and indulge in a tall glass of Agua Fresca whenever hunger calls.

3. Quit watching and waiting, broaden your perspective

The key to enjoying proud results is not in counting your days and bearing the brunt of not being able to enjoy the meals that you once did. Fix your focus on the end result that you’ll be able to achieve. All the hardships you face today are nothing when compared to the much healthier and enviable version of you, tomorrow.

By combining these aspects of fresh thinking, smart eating, and mindful living, you’ll be able to reach where you need to be. As you move through this journey, your peers can’t help noticing the changes and it wouldn’t be surprising even if your fitness saga goes viral.

True Stories of Cheating Wives

We always hear about men straying and having affairs. But we also know women can be capable of such things.

There are varied reasons why wives cheat on their husbands. Most often, unfaithfulness of wives stem from loneliness and boredom. Sometimes a liaison with another man is committed out of revenge for their cheating husbands. Here are some true stories:

Cheating Wife 1

A man notices his wife of twenty three years changes from being computer illiterate to an Internet addict in a matter of six months. His trust for her made him ignore the long hours she spent online with her “new friends” and even sending them gifts. Later on, her time for their children suffered too. It turned out she became obsessed with other men, even male prostitutes who solicit online.

His wife had become a totally different woman, influenced by the dark and perverted world she had embraced. She left her husband and family but not before doing as much damage as she can, making hideous accusations and horrid remarks to other family members.

Cheating Wife 2

Another man found out about his wife’s three month long affair. She had slept with her lover several times over this period. Only after being confronted and being face-to-face with evidence did she confess. The husband was naturally devastated but forgave her so they can have a second chance and begin to rebuild their broken relationship. The wife was truly repentant and did her best to make up to her husband.

However, the pain remained inside. The husband did not know how to cope. He wondered if he should know more about the affair in order to get over it. The past just seemed to catch up and hurt him time and again. He forgave but could not forget.

Cheating Wife 3

Who could understand the madness that drove a man to kill his three year old daughter? A subsequent trial revealed the man had been depressed for months after finding out his wife was having an affair. He drugged his daughter with anti-depressant medication he had been taking and killed her with chloroform two days before her fourth birthday. He said he dealt with the deceit and wanted his wife to deal with the consequences for the rest of her life.

Cheating Wife 4

A couple got married after a year of meeting and falling in love while attending university. They later moved to Italy and back to Britain. A year after that, the wife filed for divorce. Minutes after that, he used a can of gasoline to set their home on fire.

But before the divorce papers, there were already marital troubles. Bad enough for the man to threaten his wife of burning their Italian flat so they can be together forever. Among his accusations were his suspicion of his wife having an affair.

Cheating Wife 5

One woman admitted to cheating on her husband every time she got angry with him. She had one-night stands with different men which left her unfulfilled. She wanted to get back on her husband through her infidelity but ended up destroying herself.

Some cheating wives blame their husbands for driving them to enter into affairs. But for marriage to really work, it takes commitment and effort from both husband and wife. Cheating on your spouse is a selfish act.

8 Sources To Research Awesome Article Topics

Writing articles is by far the most effective online promotion strategy I’ve come across. If you can write good, readable, original content, you can easily put yourself far ahead of the pack in your field of interest.

But article marketers and new article writers are often stumped for topics to write about. Finding topics that appeal to your readers can be time-consuming but well worth the effort.

Here are no less than eight awesome ways to research your market and find newsy topics that attract loads of traffic and the interest of your target audience.

1. Keyword Research Tools

To write an article that will get you a significant amount of traffic, you need to write about topics that people are searching for.

You also want to know which terms your target audience uses while searching, so you can use them in your article title and copy and increase the chance of being found by search engines.

Two excellent keyword research tools you should always use to research article topics are Wordtracker and Overture’s Keyword Inventory Tool.

2. Newsletters and Trade Journals

Subscribe to email newsletters, ezines and offline publications related to your topic of interest. Reading what others in your field are writing about will give you lots of ideas for your own article topics.

It’s easy to find newsletters that cover your topic online. If you want to write about internet marketing, for instance, you could search for “internet marketing newsletter” and find the most well-read and respected publications in that field.

3. Google News Alerts

Google News Alerts is like a news aggregator that allows you to receive news based on your keyword of choice.

When you subscribe, you’ll receive the latest stories that carry your keyword. Go through them and you may find some gems of information that you can write up into a topical article based on that story.

4. Press Release Alerts

Press releases are an excellent way to find out more about new discoveries or advances in your field. These can make an excellent topic for an opinion piece about that discovery or development. Search press release sites for the latest releases in the field of your choice.

5. Online Forums

You can get some of your best article topics from other professionals in your field. Online forums provide an abundance of opinions, queries and ideas that might just make that flashbulb go off in your brain.

Visit forums, lurk and read other’s posts or participate in discussions and benefit from the minds of some of the most interactive people in your field.

6. Blogs

Blogs are a hotbed of discussion and opinion. They often carry some very interesting and topical pieces that can help you ideate. Blog directories are a good place to start looking for blogs written on your topic of interest.

7. Seminars and Conferences

One of the best ways to keep up with new ideas and developments in your field is to attend seminars or conferences and network with other people.

You can often come away with a bunch of ideas, at these gatherings, and use them to write up articles.

8. Spy On The Competition

Check out your competitor’s business and websites. They may be using ideas or even making mistakes that could give you ideas for articles on what does or doesn’t work.

And finally, always remember to give credit (and a link back) to the news sources that you cite in your article.

How to Repair Shoes or Boots – Shoe Goo or Super Glue?

Just when your shoes or boots start getting comfortable you notice a split on the side of the sole. Or a heel starts to separate. You can take the culprit into a cobbler for some ‘shoe restoration’ to have the sole repaired or the boot heel glued back or you can do it yourself in a few seconds. There are a couple of options. Shoe Goo and an advanced or commercial grade cyanoacrylate (superglue).

Shoe Goo is the favorite of the skateboarders as it will glue most things together and fill some serious gaps left by the road scraping off parts of the sneakers.

Super Glue and Krazy Glue are cyanoacrylates – that is the chemical base of super glue or Krazy Glue. Advanced or commercial grade super glues have characteristics that make them a better fix than off the shelf super glue.

Both types of products (Shoe Goo and super glue type glues) have their use. Both of these types of glue will last for quite some time so are good to have around as they will not go bad and will be available when you need them. Both will dry flexible.

Shoe Goo can be purchased in hardware stores and some sports shops and certainly online. It is fairly thick and comes in clear, black and white. One can actually use it to rebuild a worn heel on a boot or running shoes. It can be used to re-attach a split in the sole of the shoe or heel but as it is so thick I find a product like a high end super glue (a commercial grade cyanoacylate) more useful.

To rebuild a heel with shoe goo you first of all need to use a bit of sandpaper to roughen up the surface. This gives the glue something to attach to. Once that is done just squeeze some out of the tube and shape it with a small stick. Most packages of Shoe Goo will come with a stick for applying. If you are going to apply in layers to build a bit thicker wait about 5-6 hours between applications. Allow 24 hours before walking on the boot or shoe. It dries shiny but that will wear off once you start walking.

If the sole has separated somewhere you can carefully squeeze in some of the glue then press the two surfaces together. This is not the best glue for this type of application as it can be messy but with care can be done. When you press the two surfaces together some will squeeze out and you can scrape off with a piece of wood or metal to get the edge smooth. Let this set for 24 hours as well. It will be flexible when cured.

How and when to use an Advanced Cyanoacrylate for a ‘Shoe Fix’

If you have a sole or heel starting to separate the Shoe Goo can get messy very easily and if you are trying to repair a pair of dress shoes or very nice boots this may not be the material to use. If you use super glue or Krazy Glue you may run into problems as well because they often get brittle when dry and once you start walking in your shoes or boots they very likely will come apart again.

Commercial grade cyanoacrylates are made from the same base as superglue but without the solvents will dry clear and flexible. They are extremely easy to use and being almost instant you don’t have to wait to wear the shoe or boot.

Some examples of types of situations where you might use this type of super glue: the toe of the sneaker or running shoe starts coming apart; heel of a boot starts to separate or falls off; two layers of leather on dress shoes start to separate.

One of the benefits of this type of product is that it will wick in. This means that if you put a drop at the edge of a crack or joint that is just starting to split, it will go into that space. It will kind of be drawn into it. This means less mess.

So, for a split in a shoe try to hold the shoe or boot so that the split is open as much as possible and so that the glue can run down into it. Place the tip of the spout at the edge and gently squeeze a drop into the gap. If it is fairly lengthy you may need to run the tip of the bottle along the line of the gap while gently squeezing out a bit of glue. Set the bottle aside and press the two surfaces firmly together. This type of glue takes only a few minutes to set. Give it a few more minutes and you can walk in your shoes or boots. Take care as some of the glue may run out as you squeeze the two surfaces together – hold the shoe so that it does not run onto the top or other parts where a stain could show.

This makes for a great emergency fix: You are ready to go to work or the party and you find that the heel of your dress shoe is loose. Take out your commercial grade super glue, apply it and within a few seconds you are good to go.

Both types of glue will be water proof when cured. With these two types of glue and a bit of duct tape you can fix just about anything.

Rhetorical Devices in the Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy

It is according to Aristotle that a speaker or writer has three ways to persuade his audience: The first kind depends on the personal character of the speaker; the second is on putting the audience into a certain frame of mind; the third is on the proof, or apparent proof, provided by the words of the speech itself.

One of the most influential people who made a memorable speech for the past century is President John F. Kennedy, a famous public speaker who wrote an inaugural address that contains a power to persuade a lot of people.

His well-known speech shows how his method of using the art of persuasive written or spoken discourse (Rhetoric) that an author or speaker uses to convey a meaning to the listener or reader contributes to the purpose or theme of his message for his countrymen.

Definition of Terms:

1. Alliteration: Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are close to one another.

2. Allusion: A brief or indirect reference to a person, place, event, or passage in a work of literature or the Bible assumed to be sufficiently well known to be recognized by the reader.

3. Amplification: An expansion of detail to clarify a point.

4. Analogy: A comparison between two things in which the more complex is explained in terms of the more simple.

5. Anaphora: Repetition of one or more words at the head of consecutive phrases, clauses, or sentences.

6. Anastrophe: Inversion of word order to mark emphasis.

7. Antimetabole: Reverasal or repeated words or phrases for effect.

8. Antithesis: Contrast within parallel phrases (not to be confused with the ordinary use of the word to mean “extreme opposite”).

9. Assonance: Repetition of vowel sounds between different consonants.

10. Asyndeton: Absence of conjunctions.

11. Chiasmus: The reversal of grammatical order from one phrase to the next.

12. Climax: Consists of arranging words, clauses, or sentences in the order of increasing importance, weight, or emphasis.

13. Conduplication: Resembles anadiplosis in the repetition of a preceding word, but it repeats a key word (not just the last word) from a preceding phrase, clause, or sentence, at the beginning of the next.

14. Consonance: Repetition of identical consonant sounds within two or more words in close proximity.

15. Ellipsis: Any omitted part of speech that is easily understood in context.

16. Ethos: Makes use of what an audience values and believes to be good or true.

17. Hyperbole: Deliberate exaggeration in order to create humor or emphasis.

18. Imagery: Lively descriptions which impress the images of things upon the mind using one or more of the five senses.

19. Logos: appealing to reason in a measured, logical way.

20. Metanoia: The qualification of a statement to either diminish or strengthen its tone.

21. Metaphor: Meaning or identity ascribed to one subject by way of another.

22. Oxymoron: Contraditory terms or ideas are combined.

23. Parallelism: The technique of arranging words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form.

24. Paradox: A statement that seems to contradict itself but that turns out to have a rational meaning.

25. Pathos: Appealing to the emotions.

26. Personification: The attribution of human qualities to a nonhuman or inanimate object.

27. Polysyndeton: Insertion of conjunctions before each word in a list.

28. Repetition: Word or phrase used two or more times in close proximity.

29. Rhetorical Question: A question asked for rhethorical effect to emphasize a point, no answer being expected.

30. Sententia: The punctuation of a point with an aphorism.

31. Syntax: The grammatical structure of a sentence; the arrangement of words in a sentence.

32. Tricolon: A series of parallel words, phrases, clauses, or statements.

33. Zeugma: Includes several similar rhetorical devices, all involving a grammatically correct linkage (or yoking together) of two or more parts of speech by another part of speech.

Rhetorical Devices That Are Present In The Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy:


• “same solemn” (2nd sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “man holds in his mortal hands” (1st sentence of the 3rd paragraph)

• “for which our forebears fought” (2nd sentence of 3rd paragraph)

• “to friend and foe alike” (4th paragraph)

• “whether it wishes us well or ill” (5th paragraph)

• “Pay any price, bear any burden… ” (5th paragraph)

• “the survival and the success of liberty” (5th paragraph)

• “faithful friends” (1st sentence of the 7th paragraph)

• “colonial control” (1st sentence of the 8th paragraph)

• “strongly supporting” (2nd sentence of the 8th paragraph)

• “break the bonds of mass misery” (9th paragraph)

• “sovereign states” (11th paragraph)

• “its writ may run” (11th paragraph)

• “the dark powers of destruction” (12th paragraph)

• “steady spread” (14th paragraph)

• “sincerity is always subject” (15th paragraph)

• “peace preserved” (9th to the last paragraph)

• “bear the burden” (6th to the last paragraph)

• “a grand and global alliance” (5th to the last paragraph)

• “high standards of strength and sacrifice” (1st sentence of the last paragraph)

• “Let us go forth to lead the land we love… ” (2nd sentence of the last paragraph)


• “I have sworn before you and Almighty God.” (2nd sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside” (last sentence of the 8th paragraph)


• “Let both sides… Let both sides… Let both sides… Let both sides (Paragraphs 16 to 19)


• “those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside” (3rd sentence of the 8th paragraph)


• “all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life” (1st sentence of the 3rd paragraph)

• “not because the communists may be doing it, not because we seek their votes, but because it is right” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “To those old allies… To those new states… To those people… To our sister… To that world… to those nations… ” (Paragraphs 7 to 12)

• “We shall not always expect to find them supporting our view. But we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom” (2nd and 3rd sentences of the 8th paragraph)

• “both sides overburdened by the cost of modern weapons, both rightly alarmed by the steady spread of the deadly atom, yet both racing to alter that uncertain balance of terror that stays the hand of mankind’s final war” (14th paragraph)

• “Let both sides… Let both sides… Let both sides… Let both sides” (Paragraphs 16 to 19)

• “not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need–not as a call to battle, though embattled we are–but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out” (6th to the last paragraph)

• “the first one hundred days. Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet” (8th to the last paragraph)


• “Dare not” (1st sentence of the 4th paragraph and 13th paragraph & 3rd sentence of the 7th paragraph)

• “This much we pledge” (6th paragraph)

• “Ask not” (26th paragraph)


• “Ask not what your country can do for you–ask what you can do for your country.” (3rd to the last paragraph)

• “Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate.” (2nd sentence of the 15th paragraph)


• “We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom–symbolizing an end as well as a beginning signifying renewal as well as change. ” (1st sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “… not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God.” (2nd sentence of the 3rd paragraph)

• “Support any friend, oppose any foe… ” (5th paragraph)

• “United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do… ” (2nd sentence of the 7th paragraph)

• “Not because… not because… but because… ” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate.” (2nd sentence of the 15th paragraph)

• “Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us.” (16th paragraph)

• “not a new balance of power, but a new world of law” (20th paragraph)

• “Not as a call to bear arms… not as a call to battle.. but a call to bear the burden… ” (23rd paragraph)

• “I do not shrink from this responsibility–I welcome it.” (2nd sentence of the 25th paragraph)

• “… ask not what you country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.” (26th paragraph)

• “ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man” (2nd to the last paragraph)


• “… the steady spread of the deadly atom.” (14th paragraph)


• “We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe… ” (5th paragraph)

• “explore the stars, conquer the deserts, eradicate disease, tap the ocean depths” (2nd sentence of the 18th paragraph)

• “The energy, the faith, the devotion” (4th to the last paragraph)


• “Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate.” (2nd sentence of the 15th paragraph)

• “ask not what your country can do for you–ask what you can do for your country” (3rd to the last paragraph)


• “All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days. Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet.” (8th to the last paragraph)


• “to help them help themselves” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “good words into good deeds” (1st sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “free men and free governments” (1st sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “the instruments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace” (11th paragraph)

• “absolute power… absolute control… ” (17th paragraph)


• “Whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall… ” (5th paragraph)


• “This much we pledge–and more.” (6th paragraph)


• “Vice President Johnson, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Chief Justice, President Eisenhower, Vice President Nixon, President Truman, Reverend Clergy, fellow citizens: We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom–symbolizing an end as well as a beginning–signifying renewal as well as change.” (Paragraphs 1 & 2)

• “In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility–I welcome it.” (4th to the last paragraph)

• “With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our own.” (last sentence of the last paragraph)


• “Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.” (5th paragraph)


• “The torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans.” (4th paragraph)


• “old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share” (1st sentence of the 7th paragraph)

• “new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free” (1st sentence of the 8th paragraph)

• “people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “that world assembly of sovereign states, the United Nations” (11th paragraph)

• “nations who would make themselves our adversary” (12th paragraph)


• “Now the trumpet summons us again–not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need–not as a call to battle, though embattled we are–but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out, “rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation”–a struggle against the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease and war itself.” (6th to the last paragraph)


• “We are the heirs of the first revolution.” (1st sentence of the 4th paragraph)

• “Let the word go forward from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans… ” (2nd sentence of the 4th paragraph)

• “riding the back of the tiger” (3rd sentence of the 8th paragraph)

• “the bonds of mass misery” (9th paragraph)

• “the chains of poverty” (1st sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “evolution of hope” (2nd sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “master of its own house” (last sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “balance of terror” (14th paragraph)

• “And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle of suspicion… ” (20th paragraph)

• “The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it–and the glow from that fire can truly light the world.” (4th to the last paragraph)


• “But this peaceful revolution.” (2nd sentence of the 10th paragraph)


• “We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom–symbolizing an end as well as a beginning signifying renewal as well as change.” (1st sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage” (2nd sentence of the 4th paragraph)

• “Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.” (5th paragraph)

• “Let both sides explore what problems unite us… Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and precise proposals for the inspection and control of arms… Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science… Let both sides unite… ” (Paragraphs 6 to 9)

• “United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do… ” (2nd and 3rd sentences of the 7th paragraph)

• “If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.” (2nd sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond” (2nd sentence of the 13th paragraph)


• “Only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed.” (2nd sentence of the 13th paragraph)


• “To those people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery… ” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “he graves of young Americans who answered the call toservice surround the globe” (7th to the last paragraph)

• ” The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it–and the glow from that fire can truly light the world.” (4th to the last paragraph)


• “With history the final judge of our deeds” (2nd sentence of the last paragraph)


• “where the strong are just and the weak secure and the peace preserved” (9th to the last paragraph)


• “For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life.” (1st sentence of the 3rd paragraph)

*Rhetorical Question

• “Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort?” (5th to the last paragraph)


• “undo the heavy burdens… (and) let the oppressed go free” (19th paragraph)


• “My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.” (2nd to the last paragraph)


• “We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom–symbolizing an end as well as a beginning signifying renewal as well as change.” (1st sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need–not as a call to battle, though embattled we are–but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out” (6th to the last paragraph)


• “Now the trumpet summons us again–not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need–not as a call to battle, though embattled we are–but a call to bear the burden… ” (6th to the last paragraph)

Encapsulation of Findings:

John F. Kennedy used 33 different types of rhetorical devices in his inaugural speech. The most dominant rhetorical device that he used was the usage of alliteration.


Through extensive analysis, it can be seen that it is evident that he has a goal of getting the audience’s attention to listen and to understand his points in a meaningful way in the fields of writing and speaking.